John and Hank Green, as always, provide a fun and educational video, this time detailing one of the most controversial aspects of one of the most controversial theories: human evolution, or paleoanthropology. Hank first discusses the unique aspects of our early ape ancestors, like oour intelligence, social hierarchies, and the differences between chimpanzees and bonobos. About a third of the way in, they focus on hominids and how we again diverged by becoming bipedal, growing larger brains, and increasing tool use. Our most important innovation as a species: social learning. They end with a comparison between hunter-gathering, medieval peasant, and modern society.
- Is there anything that makes humans unique from animals? Or are we only different in degree?
- Why does Hank focus so much on social or collective learning?
- Would you rather be a hunter gatherer or live in today’s modern world?
Keywords: evolution, natural selection, Hobbes, Rousseau, society,