Alex Gendler provides a great introduction to Plato’s famous Allegory of the Caves. For Plato, the Allegory pointed us toward his Theory of Forms, which explained what made any given instance of a chair a chair or dog a dog. Many philosophers reject this theory now, but the thought experiment still provokes ideas in epistemology, metaphysics, education, society, and other areas of human life.
- What was Plato trying to argue with this allegory?
- What are the ‘Forms’ like? What role do they play in our world?
- What does this parable say about the importance of education?
- Are there any ‘shadows on the wall’ that we still need to educate ourselves about?
- What do you think of Plato’s argument for a Philosopher King rather than Democracy?
Keywords: philosophy, Plato, parable, epistemology, the forms, education, Ancient Greek